Liver Anatomy

The liver is the most crucial part of the body located inside the diaphragm and is kept safe as it resides inside the rib cage. It plays a vital role in the growth, immunization, nutrition, and reproduction. A liver disease can disrupt any of these vital processes. Let us see the structure, positioning, and some functions of the liver.

It is the biggest internal organ of the adult human body. The liver is divided into four different lobes. The lobe on the right side is visibly separated from the falciform of the small lobe in the anterior portion. The lower vena cava forms a border between the caudate lobe and quadrate lobe in the inferior section near to the gall bladder. The falciform ligament plays a vital role in holding the liver to the wall of the abdomen and also holds the diaphragm to the liver. The round ligament plays the role in holding the falciform to the umbilicus.  

Though this organ is considered to be the largest internal organ, the organ is about two cells in thickness. Hepatocyte, the liver cells, generates thick plates called hepatic plates. The plates are kept apart through the hepatic hepatic sinusoids. Spaces between the plates are formed by these sinusoids. Due to the presence of phagocytic Kupffer cells that line sinusoids, they are more permeable than the capillaries that are found in the body. The structure of the plates together with the combination of permeation of sinusoids makes sure that every hepatocyte in the liver comes in contact with the blood. The structuring aspect is taken care by these plates and plays a vital role in formation of the lobules in liver.

Within each lobule a central vein pass by. The peripheral edge of each lobule comprises of a branch of hepatic portal vein and hepatic artery. This results in a wide space between each and every hepatic plate. The GI tract serves the function of absorption and the process is hosted by the portal venous blood. The arterial blood gets mixed as it passes through the liver sinusoid that develops from the outer side of the lobule towards the vein in centre. The various bunches of veins in the centre of the liver lobules creates the hepatic. The blood is transported to the vena cava through the hepatic vein.

The functions of the liver includes convertion glucose to glycogen, fats break down, production of urea, produce amino acids, filtering harmful substances from the blood, vitamins and minerals storage, cholesterol production and maintain proportional level or glucose in the blood.

You can find liver disorder by identifying several symptoms. Symptoms of liver problems include skin discoloration, loss of appetite, irregular bowel movements, distended abdomen, nose bleeding, frequent thirst, frequent urination, and spasms.

Any early symptoms of liver failure should be taken care of seriously that would be helpful in detecting and curing major health hazards like jaundice and many other deadly diseases that has live malfunctioning as the root cause. Taking proper medications in the early stage would prevent major health hazards from occurring.

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