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Geodon, generically known as Ziprasidone, is a medication intended for patients with psychotic disorders. This medication is also for the treatment of visual or auditory hallucinations, withdrawal from the crowd or from friends and family, and other related disorders. Geodon is also used to treat episodes of bipolar disorder.

Considerations In Taking Geodon

Geodon should not be given as a general medication to patients suffering from psychotic disorders. The patient should be thoroughly examined, together with a thorough assessment of the patient’s medical, drug and allergy history. If the patient is sound enough to be given Geodon for treatment, the doctor will prescribe a certain dose and a schedule.

Those with irregular heart rate or other heart problems, Long QT syndrome, high blood pressure, disease in the liver, diabetes or hypoglycemia, sluggishness or dizziness, seizures, and special cases such as Alzheimer’s disease should not be given Geodon, or should be closely monitored if there are no alternative treatments available aside from this medication.

Geodon is categorized as a category C pregnancy risk, which means that the medication is able to bring harm to unborn baby, or to those babies which are breastfed. Thus, pregnant and breastfeeding women should not be given this medication.

Medicines containing arsenic trioxide, carbamazepine, chlorpromazine, dofetilide, dolasetron, droperidol, erythromycin, ketoconazole, levomethadyl, mefloquine, mesoridazine, moxifloxacin, pentidine, pimozide, quinidine, sotalol, tacrolimus, and medications for Parkinson’s and for hypertension should not be given to patients under treatment with Geodon. All above-mentioned medications have negative interaction with Ziprasidone, and other medications derived from such. Even herbal medications, and other unrelated OTC and prescription drugs, as well as vitamin supplements should be made known to the doctor to avoid life threatening interactions and risky side effects.

Dosage And Administration

Geodon is available at 20mg, 40mg capsules, 60mg and 80mg capsules. Intake of Geodon should be closely monitored by both the doctor and the patient. In the event that a patient cannot monitor it by themselves, a reliable person has to do it in the patient’s behalf to ensure that the right dose is given in the right schedule.

Doctors determine the dose according to the patient’s medical, drug and allergy history and current medical condition. The prescribed dose and schedule should be strictly followed to avoid risks of overdosage. Should a patient miss a dose, the next safest step is to take the next scheduled one without making the dose double.

Geodon Overdose

Patients overdosed with Geodon will most likely show these signs: dizziness, fever, drowsiness, slurred speech, palpitation, spasms, involuntary facial and tongue movements, sweating, fainting and sweating. In an event of an overdose, the patient should be immediately rushed to the nearest medical facility for treatment.

Side Effects

Geodon is associated with less serious side effects which do not require quick medical attention. These include tremors, drowsiness, sluggishness, nausea and vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, nasal decongestion or cough and dizziness. When the patient manifests any of these signs, it is encouraged to inform the doctor to be given immediate relief.

Other possible side effects which could be serious include allergic reactions such as swelling of the facial and mouth area, as well as the airways and extremities. To add, some patients may also experience spasms in the face or neck area, involuntary tongue, face, or lip movements, as well as rashes, palpitation and the like. Swelling of the airways could lead to difficulty in breathing, thus, it should be immediately reported to the attending physician.

Another side effect which could be life threatening is the Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome which could be detected by these signs: irregular heartbeat, fever, stiffening of the muscles in the cheek, jaw, leg or arm area. Other signs were already mentioned above. Any of the signs should not be ignored, as it is difficult to tell it apart from an ordinary side effect and Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome.

Other Details

Geodon has the molecular formula C21H21ClN4OS, and the IUPAC name 6-chloro-5-[2-[4-(7-thia-8-azabicyclo[4.3.0]nona-1,3,5,8-tetraen-9-yl). Geodon bears a molecular weight of 412.936 g/mol. Zeldox is another ziprasidone counterpart of Geodon. 

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